Affordable, clean & reliable energy is essential to modernity.  The energy sector needs to face the dual challenge of satiating providing for energy prosperity while addressing climate change.  Distributed, low-carbon energy sources are displacing centralized, polluting sources while smart and autonomous electric mobility has the potential to upend the transportation landscape.

Includes 20 most populous countries and a sampling of key energy producers and consumers. Multiply the per-capita figures by the population number to get total consumption/emissions by country. Notice how some countries have the same per-capita energy consumption but vastly different carbon emissions (e.g. Germany and France) -- this is mostly due to nuclear and sometimes hydro power. The countries where the blue diamond is below the green triangle are more coal-dependent than the world average. This should be the basis for discussions on who needs to up their game on emissions reduction. Source: World Bank - energy consumption and CO2 emissions from 2013, population from 2015.Source: The World Bank

Includes 20 most populous countries and a sampling of key energy producers and consumers. Multiply the per-capita figures by the population number to get total consumption/emissions by country. Notice how some countries have the same per-capita energy consumption but vastly different carbon emissions (e.g. Germany and France) -- this is mostly due to nuclear and sometimes hydro power. The countries where the blue diamond is below the green triangle are more coal-dependent than the world average. This should be the basis for discussions on who needs to up their game on emissions reduction. Source: World Bank - energy consumption and CO2 emissions from 2013, population from 2015.Source: The World Bank

According to World Bank statistics, the global per-capita primary energy consumption has compounded 1.0% annually for the last 30 years.  This was multiplied by a 1.1-1.2% annual population growth to generate 1.5-2.0% total energy demand growth. The slow but steady arrival of ‘peak child’ means that the world’s human population will reach 11.2 billion by 2100 (+45% from today). Energy efficiency improvements will continue to drive human development while slowing energy demand growth.

Source: World Bank. Energy efficiency is the average of 155 countries with continuous data, and HDI is the average of 139 countries with continuous data.

Source: World Bank. Energy efficiency is the average of 155 countries with continuous data, and HDI is the average of 139 countries with continuous data.